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时间:2016-09-06 06:59来源:未知 作者:voa365 点击:

Hangzhou has always been the playground for Chinese princes and poets through the centuries. We can now add global politicians to that august list.


On Sunday night, at the G20 Summit welcoming banquet, Chinese President Xi Jinping hosted world leaders to dinner at the Xizi Hotel, where Chairman Mao Zedong had once stayed and dined.


It is a mammoth task catering to such illustrious guests, especially when the chefs have to consider various dietary restrictions but still display the best of Hangzhou haute cuisine.


The result is an inventive menu that shows off the ingenuity and elegance of Chinese kitchen craft. The menu was completely pork-free but still managed to showcase the fish and river produce Hangzhou is known for.


❶ 冷盘 Hors d'Oeuvres

First on the table was a variety of little bites meant to tantalize and build up the appetite. These included flavored pieces of braised beancurd, freshly pickled cucumbers and smoked fish fillets.


❷ 清汤松茸 Pine Mushroom Soup

The soup was the first indication of what Hangzhou food represents. Seasonal Matsutake or pine mushrooms were floated in a crystal clear consomme, showcasing the clean flavors that most characterize Hangzhou cooking.


❸ 松子鳜鱼 Sweet and Sour Mandarin Fish with Pine Nuts

Next on the table was another signature dish, mandarin fish with pine nuts. The fish is an exhibition of the delicate knife skills of Hangzhou chefs, and the sauce indicative of the sweet and sour flavors that are also characteristic of the region. Lightly toasted pine nuts, with their slightly resinous flavor, are the perfect garnish.


❹ 龙井虾仁 Stir-Fried Shrimps with Longjing Tea Leaves

No banquet here would be complete if Hangzhou's famous tea-infused prawns were not included. Longjing or dragon's well is the green tea that grows exclusively in the Hangzhou hills. The tea grows best with water from a well which the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) emperor Qianlong had once drunk from, hence its name.

For the Longjing prawns dish, its tender young shoots are stir-fried with crisply textured river shrimp in a marriage of subtle sweetness. The seemingly simple dish is a test for the most accomplished chefs because of its delicate balance of aroma and flavor.


❺ 膏蟹酿香橙 Orange-Flavored Crab Meat

Another West Lake specialty took center stage next when the guests were served roe crab meat stuffed in orange. This features the famous mitten or hairy crab from the lake. To allow guests to fully enjoy the meat and roe, the crabs were shelled and stuffed into an orange.

This is a dish with much history, having originated in the Song era when oranges were still a rare treat and Hangzhou had just become the capital of the Song emperors.


❻ 东坡牛扒 Hangzhou-Style Fillet Steak

Dongpo Rou is a dish named after Song Dynasty (960-1279) poet Su Dongpo, who was also a governor in Hangzhou and had built the causeway across the lake.

This dish is usually made from pork belly, but last night the guests had a beefsteak instead. The meat is braised in the best soy sauce, and slow cooked to tender perfection.


❼ 四季蔬果 Braised Vegetables、点心 Pastries、水果冰淇淋 Fruits and Ice Cream、咖啡和茶Coffee and Tea

Of course, guests ended the meal with seasonal fruit, ice cream, and coffee and tea served with classic Chinese pastries instead of petits fours.


❽ 张裕干红 Red Wine Changyu 2012, Beijing China

张裕干白 White Wine Changyu 2011, Beijing China

Accompanying the meal were two special wines, a Beijing Changyu Dry Red 2012, and a Beijing Changyu Dry White 2011.

Food has always been a universal language cutting across boundaries and barriers. This is a meal worthy of the best international diplomacy and in choosing Hangzhou cuisine, the organizers have shown off the best of China's fine dining.

Chinese food is well loved all over the world and Brazilian President Michel Temer, for example, has admitted to being an ardent fan. This time, however, the participants at the G20 Summit have sampled the cooking of great master chefs of historical Hangzhou cuisine, in one of China's most scenic cities.
中国美食一直被世界各地的人们钟爱。比如巴西总统米歇尔•特梅尔(Michel Temer)就曾说他是中国食物的忠实粉丝。而这次参加G20峰会的领导人们在风景优美的杭州尝到了由宗师级的大厨掌勺、历史悠久的杭帮菜。


Banquet tidbits


Only the finest china for the G20



All dinnerware for official banquets during the G20 Summit was made of the best bone china, decorated with iconic Chinese motifs including Hangzhou's signature scenery and cultural symbols.


Hangzhou, the host venue, is well-known for its picturesque West Lake and associated bridges, and the dinnerware's shape and design reflect these.


The handles on many pieces are shaped to look like bridges, reflecting the theme of the summit-bridges connecting an innovative, invigorated and inclusive world.


The designs, meanwhile, were inspired by iconic scenes of West Lake and classic Chinese cultural motifs such as lotus flowers and seedpods.


Invitations, menus and place cards on silk



Hangzhou, long renowned for its silk, has made full use of showcasing the product at the G20 summit.


Menus and performance programs during the Sunday banquet were all made from silk, as were place cards for world leaders and official invitations.


A silk painting 20 meters long and 6-meter tall also adorned the banquet hall. It shows the best of West Lake's many scenic attractions and took a team of artists more than 20 days to complete.


Zhejiang Xizi Hotel-venue of the State banquet



The hotel, located by West Lake, allows guests to enjoy the scenery while dining on authentic Hangzhou cuisine. The view includes the famous vista of Three Ponds Mirroring the Moon, one of the lake's best-known attractions.


Established in 1958, Xizi Hotel has been graced by many Chinese leaders, including Chairman Mao Zedong. It was opened to the public in 1979, and has been the center of major political events in Zhejiang province.


It is located in the shadow of Leifeng Pagoda, another West Lake attraction, and is known for its landscaped gardens. The large banquet hall can accommodate 300 guests.